unbekannter Gast

Niger: People & Society#

Population17,466,172 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate3.28% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 49.8% (male 4,387,785/female 4,308,312)
15-24 years: 18.4% (male 1,586,720/female 1,626,457)
25-54 years: 25.9% (male 2,261,287/female 2,266,576)
55-64 years: 3.3% (male 294,446/female 274,268)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 234,079/female 226,242) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.03 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate46.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate12.73 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsHaoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 86.27 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 90.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 81.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Hausa, Djerma
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 54.74 years
male: 53.54 years
female: 55.97 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.7%
male: 42.9%
female: 15.1% (2005 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Nigerien(s)
adjective: Nigerien
Net migration rate-0.58 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%
Total fertility rate6.89 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS46,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,400 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 15.1 years
male: 15 years
female: 15.2 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 5 years
male: 6 years
female: 5 years (2012)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 17.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.7% of population
rural: 42.1% of population
total: 52.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.3% of population
rural: 57.9% of population
total: 47.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 32.9% of population
rural: 3.8% of population
total: 9% of population
unimproved: urban: 67.1% of population
rural: 96.2% of population
total: 91% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationNIAMEY (capital) 1.297 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate590 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight39.9% (2006)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.02 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.31 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 3.2%
male: 4%
female: 1.7% (2001)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,557,913
percentage: 43 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate13.9% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 111.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 1.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18 (2014 est.)