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Rwanda: Geography#

LocationCentral Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic Coordinates2 00 S, 30 00 E -2.0,30.0
Area total: 26,338 sq km
land: 24,668 sq km
water: 1,670 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 893 km
border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Karisimbi 4507 m; Muhabura 4127 m; Mount Bisoke 3711 m; Mount Sabyinyo 3645 m; Gahinga 3525 m
According to Geonames: Mont Muwogo 2990 m; Muhungwe 2928 m; Mont Kwiruhelo 2776 m; Kabuye 2643 m; Kamirantama 2598 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east
Natural Hazardsperiodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo volcanism: Visoke (elev. 3,711 m), located on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is the country's only historically active volcano
Natural Resourcegold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Land Usearable land: 46.32%
permanent crops: 9.49%
other: 44.19% (2011)
Climatetemperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Irrigated Land96.25 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources9.5 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Kigali; Butare; Gitarama; Ruhengeri; Gisenyi
According to Geonames: Kigali; Butare; Gitarama; Musanze; Gisenyi

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural