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Sao Tome and Principe: People & Society#

Population190,428 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.89% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.5% (male 42,170/female 40,750)
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 19,085/female 18,573)
25-54 years: 30.3% (male 28,232/female 29,410)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 3,010/female 3,612)
65 years and over: 3% (male 2,523/female 3,063) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate35.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.45 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese), Asians (mostly Chinese)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 49.16 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesPortuguese 98.4% (official), Forro 36.2%, Cabo Verdian 8.5%, French 6.8%, Angolar 6.6%, English 4.9%, Lunguie 1%, other (including sign language) 2.4%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.22 years
male: 62.94 years
female: 65.53 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 69.5%
male: 80.3%
female: 60.1% (2008 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Sao Tomean(s)
adjective: Sao Tomean
Net migration rate-8.79 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 55.7%, Adventist 4.1%, Assembly of God 3.4%, New Apostolic 2.9%, Mana 2.3%, Universal Kingdom of God 2%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, other 6.2%, none 21.2%, unspecified 1% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate4.67 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,400 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.8 years
male: 17.3 years
female: 18.2 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Education expenditures9.5% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 62.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 40.8% of population
rural: 23.3% of population
total: 34.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 59.2% of population
rural: 76.7% of population
total: 65.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSAO TOME (capital) 64,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate70 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.4% (2009)
Health expenditures7.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.49 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density2.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.5% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 3,235
percentage: 8 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008-09 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate38.4% (2008/09)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 81.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 75.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6 %
potential support ratio: 16.7 (2014 est.)