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Senegal: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Senegal
conventional short form: Senegal
local long form: Republique du Senegal
local short form: Senegal
former: Senegambia (along with The Gambia), Mali Federation
CapitalDakar Dakar
geographic coordinates: 14 44 N, 17 38 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions14 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor
Constitutionprevious 1959 (preindependence), 1963; latest adopted by referendum 7 January 2001, promulgated 22 January 2001; amended many times, last in 2008 (2011)
Executive branchchief of state: President Macky SALL (since 2 April 2012)
head of government: Prime Minister Aminata TOURE (since 3 September 2013)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 26 February 2012 with a second round runoff on 25 March 2012 (next to be held 2019); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Macky SALL elected president; percent of votes in a runoff - Macky SALL 65.8%, Abdoulaye WADE 34.2%
Flag descriptionthree equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; green represents Islam, progress, and hope; yellow signifies natural wealth and progress; red symbolizes sacrifice and determination; the star denotes unity and hope
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia; the colors from left to right are the same as those of neighboring Mali and the reverse of those on the flag of neighboring Guinea
Independence4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Highest Appeals Court or Cour de Cassation (consists of 13 judges including the court president); Constitutional Council (consists of 5 members including the court president, vice-president, and 3 judges)
judge selection and term of office: Highest Appeals Court judges' tenure NA; Constitutional Council members appointed by the president of the republic to serve 6-year terms with renewal of 3 members every two years
subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; regional and first instance courts
Legal systemcivil law system based on French law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members elected by direct popular vote and 60 elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms)
elections: National Assembly - last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held in 2017)
election results: National Assembly results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Benno Bokk Yakaar coalition 119, PDS 12, Bokk Giss Giss coalition 4, MCRN-Bes Du Nakk 4, PVD 2, MRDS 2, URD 1, AJ/PADS 1, other 5
International organization participationACP, AfDB, AU, CD, CPLP (associate), ECOWAS, FAO, FZ, G-15, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OIF, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WADB (regional), WAEMU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
National holidayIndependence Day, 4 April (1960)
Political pressure groups and leadersother: labor; students; Sufi brotherhoods, including the Mourides and Tidjanes; teachers
Political parties and leadersAfrican Party of Independence (Majhemout DIOP)
Alliance for the Republic-Yakaar (Macky SALL)
Alliance of Forces of Progress or AFP (Moustapha NIASSE)
And-Jef/African Party for Democracy and Socialism or AJ/PADS (Landing SAVANE)
Benno Bokk Yakaar coaltion (Macky SALL)
Benno Siggil Senegal (a coalition of opposition parties)
Bokk Giss Giss coalition (Pape DIOP)
Citizen Movement for National Reform or MCRN-Bes Du Nakk
Democratic League-Labor Party Movement or LD-MPT (Dr. Abdoulaye BATHILY)
Front for Socialism and Democracy/Benno Jubel or FSD/BJ (Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba DIEYE)
Gainde Centrist Bloc or BGC (Jean-Paul DIAS)
Independence and Labor Party or PIT (Amath DANSOKHO)
Jef-Jel (Talla SYLLA)
National Democratic Rally or RND (Madior DIOUF)
Party for Truth and Development or PVD (Ahmadou Kara MBACKE)
People's Labor Party or PTP (El Hadji DIOUF)
Reform Party or PR (Abdourahim AGNE)
Republican Movement for Socialism and Democracy or MRDS
Rewmi Party (Idrissa SECK)
Senegalese Democratic Party or PDS (Abdoulaye WADE)
Socialist Party or PS (Ousmane Tanor DIENG)
SOPI Coalition (Abdoulaye WADE) (a coalition led by the PDS)
Synergy for Ethics and Transparency (Aminata TALL)
Union for Democratic Renewal or URD (Djibo Leyti KA)
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Government typerepublic
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador Cheikh NIANG (since 13 July 2012)
embassy: 2215 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037
telephone: (1) (202) 234-0540
FAX: (1) (202) 332-6315
consulate(s) general: Houston, New York
National anthemname: "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons" (Pluck Your Koras, Strike the Balafons)
lyrics/music: Leopold Sedar SENGHOR/Herbert PEPPER
note: adopted 1960; the lyrics were written by Leopold Sedar SENGHOR, Senegal's first president; the anthem is sometimes played incorporating the Koras (harp-like stringed instruments) and Balafons (types of xylophones) mentioned in the title
International law organization participationaccepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
National symbol(s)lion
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Lewis LUKENS (since 11 July 2011) note - also accredited to Guinea-Bissau
embassy: Route des Almadies, Dakar
mailing address: B. P. 49, Dakar
telephone: (221) 33-879-4000
FAX: (221) 33-822-2991