unbekannter Gast

Senegal: People & Society#

Population13,635,927 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.48% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.5% (male 2,908,431/female 2,880,258)
15-24 years: 20.5% (male 1,388,530/female 1,401,109)
25-54 years: 30.4% (male 1,892,403/female 2,253,576)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 225,942/female 289,920)
65 years and over: 2.9% (male 179,444/female 216,314) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate35.09 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.65 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 52.72 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.91 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 60.95 years
male: 58.94 years
female: 63.02 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 49.7%
male: 61.8%
female: 38.7% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese
Net migration rate-1.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 94% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%
Total fertility rate4.52 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS42,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,900 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.4 years
male: 17.5 years
female: 19.3 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2010)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 42.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.32% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 60.3% of population
total: 74.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 7.5% of population
rural: 39.7% of population
total: 25.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 67.1% of population
rural: 40.5% of population
total: 51.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 32.9% of population
rural: 59.5% of population
total: 48.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDAKAR (capital) 3.035 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate370 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.4% (2012)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.8% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 14.8%
male: 11.9%
female: 20.1% (2006)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 657,216
percentage: 22 % (2005 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010-11 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate13.1% (2010/11)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 86.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 81 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.2 (2014 est.)