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South Africa: Geography#

LocationSouthern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
Geographic Coordinates29 00 S, 24 00 E -29.0,24.0
Area total: 1,219,090 sq km
land: 1,214,470 sq km
water: 4,620 sq km
note: includes Prince Edward Islands (Marion Island and Prince Edward Island)
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 4,862 km
border countries: Botswana 1,840 km, Lesotho 909 km, Mozambique 491 km, Namibia 967 km, Swaziland 430 km, Zimbabwe 225 km
Coastline2,798 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Njesuthi 3,408 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mafadi 3450 m; Njesuthi 3408 m; Champagne Castle 3377 m; Mont-aux-Sources 3282 m; Giant's Castle 3280 m
According to Geonames: Mafadi 3450 m; Njesuthi 3408 m; Popple Peak 3331 m; Giant’s Castle 3315 m; Ben Macdhui 3001 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainvast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
Natural Hazardsprolonged droughts volcanism: the volcano forming Marion Island in the Prince Edward Islands, which last erupted in 2004, is South Africa's only active volcano
Natural Resourcegold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas
Land Usearable land: 9.87%
permanent crops: 0.34%
other: 89.79% (2011)
Climatemostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Irrigated Land16,700 sq km (2012)
Renewable Water Resources51.4 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslack of important arterial rivers or lakes requires extensive water conservation and control measures; growth in water usage outpacing supply; pollution of rivers from agricultural runoff and urban discharge; air pollution resulting in acid rain; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Johannesburg; Cape Town; Durban; Pretoria; Soweto
According to Geonames: Cape Town; Durban; Johannesburg; Soweto; Pretoria

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteSouth Africa completely surrounds Lesotho and almost completely surrounds Swaziland
Important Lakes