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South Africa: People & Society#

Population48,375,645
note: Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimates the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.48% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.3% (male 6,859,518/female 6,815,185)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 4,914,394/female 4,866,121)
25-54 years: 38.2% (male 9,543,746/female 8,923,605)
55-64 years: 7.1% (male 1,470,282/female 1,950,499)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 1,205,657/female 1,826,638) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.94 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate17.49 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsblack African 79.2%, white 8.9%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5%, other 0.5% (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 41.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.25 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 37.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesIsiZulu (official) 22.7%, IsiXhosa (official) 16%, Afrikaans (official) 13.5%, English (official) 9.6%, Sepedi (official) 9.1%, Setswana (official) 8%, Sesotho (official) 7.6%, Xitsonga (official) 4.5%, siSwati (official) 2.5%, Tshivenda (official) 2.4%, isiNdebele (official) 2.1%, sign language 0.5%, other 1.6% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 49.56 years
male: 50.52 years
female: 48.58 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93%
male: 93.9%
female: 92.2% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: South African(s)
adjective: South African
Net migration rate-6.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census)
Total fertility rate2.23 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate17.9% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS6,070,800 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths235,100 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.7 years
male: 25.4 years
female: 26 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Education expenditures6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 62% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.21% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.2% of population
rural: 88.3% of population
total: 95.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.8% of population
rural: 11.7% of population
total: 4.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 81.7% of population
rural: 62.4% of population
total: 74.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 18.3% of population
rural: 37.6% of population
total: 25.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationJohannesburg 3.844 million; Cape Town (legislative capital) 3.562 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand) 3.357 million; Durban 3.012 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.501 million; Vereeniging 1.2 million; Bloemfontein (judicial capital) 468,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.7% (2008)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.76 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.8 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate31.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 51.5%
male: 47.1%
female: 56.9% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2003-04 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate59.9% (2003/04)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 45.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.7 %
potential support ratio: 11.5 (2014 est.)