unbekannter Gast

Togo: People & Society#

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.71% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 40.7% (male 1,499,011/female 1,490,513)
15-24 years: 19.7% (male 723,237/female 726,350)
25-54 years: 32.1% (male 1,173,492/female 1,188,961)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 145,743/female 163,384)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 104,277/female 136,406) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate34.52 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.43 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsAfrican (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 46.73 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.06 years
male: 61.49 years
female: 66.71 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 60.4%
male: 74.1%
female: 48% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Togolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Togolese
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsChristian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%
Total fertility rate4.53 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.9% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS128,100 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,200 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.6 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.8 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.5% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 38% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 91.4% of population
rural: 40.3% of population
total: 60% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.6% of population
rural: 59.7% of population
total: 40% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 25.5% of population
rural: 2.5% of population
total: 11.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 74.5% of population
rural: 97.5% of population
total: 88.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLOME (capital) 1.524 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight16.5% (2010)
Health expenditures8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 774,801
percentage: 47 % (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate15.2% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 80.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 75.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5 %
potential support ratio: 20.2 (2014 est.)