unbekannter Gast

Tunisia: People & Society#

Population10,937,521 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.92% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23% (male 1,298,262/female 1,219,086)
15-24 years: 16% (male 879,755/female 871,954)
25-54 years: 44.6% (male 2,373,765/female 2,509,750)
55-64 years: 8.4% (male 468,278/female 454,170)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 423,350/female 439,151) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 23.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official, one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce), Berber (Tamazight)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.68 years
male: 73.6 years
female: 77.9 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.1%
male: 87.4%
female: 71.1% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Tunisian(s)
adjective: Tunisian
Net migration rate-1.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official; Sunni) 99.1%, other (includes Christian, Jewish, Shia Muslim, and Baha'i) 1%
Total fertility rate2 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.4 years
male: 31 years
female: 31.8 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2010)
Education expenditures6.2% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 66.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.34% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 90.5% of population
total: 96.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 9.5% of population
total: 3.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 76.6% of population
total: 90.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 23.4% of population
total: 9.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTUNIS (capital) 790,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate56 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.3% (2006)
Health expenditures6.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.3% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 42.3% (2011)
Contraceptive prevalence rate63% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 33.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.5 %
potential support ratio: 9.5 (2014 est.)