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Argentina: People & Society#

Population43,024,374 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.95% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.9% (male 5,486,989/female 5,233,968)
15-24 years: 15.7% (male 3,445,086/female 3,301,168)
25-54 years: 38.9% (male 8,345,893/female 8,391,445)
55-64 years: 9.1% (male 1,895,965/female 2,017,330)
65 years and over: 11.4% (male 2,036,545/female 2,869,985) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.88 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.34 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.96 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.71 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.51 years
male: 74.28 years
female: 80.91 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 97.9%
male: 97.8%
female: 97.9% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS97,900 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,700 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.2 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 32.3 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2011)
Education expenditures6.3% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 92.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.01% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 95.3% of population
total: 98.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 4.7% of population
total: 1.3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 97.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 2.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBUENOS AIRES (capital) 13.528 million; Cordoba 1.556 million; Rosario 1.283 million; Mendoza 957,000; San Miguel de Tucuman 868,000; La Plata 759,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate77 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.3% (2005)
Health expenditures8.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.16 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density4.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.7% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 18.3%
male: 15.3%
female: 23.1% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 435,252
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-13 (2003 est.)
Demographic profileArgentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.
Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. European immigration diminished in the 1950s, when Argentina's military dictatorships tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration, however, continued to supply low-skilled workers and today it accounts for three-quarters of Argentina's immigrant population. The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s. The ongoing European economic crisis is driving the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina is a key recipient.
Contraceptive prevalence rate78.9% (2004/05)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 54.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 37 %
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1 %
potential support ratio: 5.9 (2014 est.)