unbekannter Gast

Belize: People & Society#

Population340,844 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.92% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 35.3% (male 61,480/female 59,000)
15-24 years: 21% (male 36,432/female 35,093)
25-54 years: 35.5% (male 61,112/female 59,809)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 7,719/female 7,807)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 5,848/female 6,544) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate25.14 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7% (2000 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 20.31 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 22.78 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 17.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, Mayan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.49 years
male: 66.88 years
female: 70.17 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 76.9%
male: 76.7%
female: 77.1% (2000 census)
Nationalitynoun: Belizean(s)
adjective: Belizean
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 39.3%, Pentacostal 8.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.3%, Anglican 4.5%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.5%, Methodist 2.8%, Nazarene 2.8%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.6%, other 9.9% (includes Baha'i Faith, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Mormon), other (unknown) 3.1%, none 15.2% (2010 census)
Total fertility rate3.02 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.4% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,100 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 21.8 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2012)
Education expenditures6.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 52% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.7% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 98.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 89.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 10.1% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBELMOPAN (capital) 14,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate53 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.2% (2011)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.83 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33.7% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 19.5%
male: 13.8%
female: 28.8% (2005)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 27,751
percentage: 40 % (2001 est.)
Demographic profileMigration continues to transform Belize's population. About 16% of Belizeans live abroad, while immigrants constitute approximately 15% of Belize's population. Belizeans seeking job and educational opportunities have preferred to emigrate to the United States rather than former colonizer Great Britain because of the United States' closer proximity and stronger trade ties with Belize. Belizeans also emigrate to Canada, Mexico, and English-speaking Caribbean countries. The emigration of a large share of Creoles (Afro-Belizeans) and the influx of Central American immigrants, mainly Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans, has changed Belize's ethnic composition. Mestizos have become the largest ethnic group, and Belize now has more native Spanish speakers than English or Creole speakers, despite English being the official language. In addition, Central American immigrants are establishing new communities in rural areas, which contrasts with the urbanization trend seen in neighboring countries. Recently, Chinese, European, and North American immigrants have become more frequent.
Immigration accounts for an increasing share of Belize's population growth rate, which is steadily falling due to fertility decline. Belize's declining birth rate and its increased life expectancy are creating an aging population. As the elderly population grows and nuclear families replace extended households, Belize's government will be challenged to balance a rising demand for pensions, social services, and healthcare for its senior citizens with the need to reduce poverty and social inequality and to improve sanitation.
Contraceptive prevalence rate55.2% (2011)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 60.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 54.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4 %
potential support ratio: 15.6 (2013)