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Bolivia: People & Society#

Population10,631,486 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.6% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.3% (male 1,805,121/female 1,737,794)
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 1,063,823/female 1,037,320)
25-54 years: 36.3% (male 1,878,736/female 1,979,819)
55-64 years: 4.9% (male 280,809/female 322,057)
65 years and over: 4.8% (male 232,514/female 293,493) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.28 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.59 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.23 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, Guarani (official), foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2%
note: Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official; 36 indigenous languages are specified, including some that are extinct (2001 census)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.55 years
male: 65.78 years
female: 71.45 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.2%
male: 95.8%
female: 86.8% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bolivian(s)
adjective: Bolivian
Net migration rate-0.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%
Total fertility rate2.8 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS15,900 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,300 (2012)
Median agetotal: 23.4 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 24.1 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2007)
Education expenditures6.9% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 67% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96% of population
rural: 71.9% of population
total: 88% of population
unimproved: urban: 4% of population
rural: 28.1% of population
total: 12% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 57.5% of population
rural: 23.7% of population
total: 46.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 42.5% of population
rural: 76.3% of population
total: 53.7% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLA PAZ (capital) 1.715 million; Santa Cruz 1.584 million; Sucre 307,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate180 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.5% (2008)
Health expenditures4.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2001)
Hospital bed density1.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.9% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 6.2%
male: 4.8%
female: 7.8% (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 553,323
percentage: 26 %
note: data represents children ages 5-13 (2008 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.2
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2008 est.)
Demographic profileBolivia ranks at or near the bottom among Latin American countries in several areas of health and development, including poverty, education, fertility, malnutrition, mortality, and life expectancy. On the positive side, more children are being vaccinated and more pregnant women are getting prenatal care and having skilled health practitioners attend their births. Bolivia's income inequality is the highest in Latin America and one of the highest in the world. Public education is of poor quality, and educational opportunities are among the most unevenly distributed in Latin America, with girls and indigenous and rural children less likely to be literate or to complete primary school. The lack of access to education and family planning services helps to sustain Bolivia's high fertility rate - approximately three children per woman. Bolivia's lack of clean water and basic sanitation, especially in rural areas, contributes to health problems.
Almost 7% of Bolivia's population lives abroad, primarily to work in Argentina, Brazil, Spain, and the United States. In recent years, more restrictive immigration policies in Europe and the United States have increased the flow of Bolivian emigrants to neighboring Argentina and Brazil.
Contraceptive prevalence rate60.5% (2008)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 66 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.1 %
potential support ratio: 12.3 (2013)