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Brazil: Geography#

LocationEastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
Geographic Coordinates10 00 S, 55 00 W -10.0,-55.0
Area total: 8,514,877 sq km
land: 8,459,417 sq km
water: 55,460 sq km
note: includes Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 16,145 km
border countries: Argentina 1,263 km, Bolivia 3,403 km, Colombia 1,790 km, French Guiana 649 km, Guyana 1,308 km, Paraguay 1,371 km, Peru 2,659 km, Suriname 515 km, Uruguay 1,050 km, Venezuela 2,137 km
Coastline7,491 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico da Neblina 2,994 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Pico da Neblina 2994 m; Pico Da Bandeira 2890 m; Mount Roraima 2810 m; Pedra Da Mina 2798 m; Agulhas Negras 2787 m
According to Geonames: Pico da Bandeira 2890 m; Pedra da Mina 2798 m; Pico das Agulhas Negras 2791 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt
Natural Hazardsrecurring droughts in northeast; floods and occasional frost in south
Natural Resourcebauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
Land Usearable land: 8.45%
permanent crops: 0.83%
other: 90.72% (2011)
Climatemostly tropical, but temperate in south
Irrigated Land54,000 sq km (2011)
Renewable Water Resources8,233 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; there is a lucrative illegal wildlife trade; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities; wetland degradation; severe oil spills
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: São Paulo; Rio de Janeiro; Salvador; Brasilia; Fortaleza
According to Geonames: São Paulo; Rio de Janeiro; Salvador; Fortaleza; Belo Horizonte

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelargest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador
Important Lakes