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Costa Rica: Geography#

LocationCentral America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Nicaragua and Panama
Geographic Coordinates10 00 N, 84 00 W 10.0,-84.0
Area total: 51,100 sq km
land: 51,060 sq km
water: 40 sq km
note: includes Isla del Coco
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 51100
DBpedia: 50901
Geoname: 51100
Infoplease: 51100
Britannica: 51100
Wolfram: 51100

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 661 km
border countries: Nicaragua 313 km, Panama 348 km
Coastline1,290 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Cerro Chirripo 3,810 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Cerro Chirripó 3820 m; Irazú 3432 m
According to Geonames: Cerro Chirripó 3842 m; Cerro Ventisqueros 3812 m; Cerro Kámuk 3549 m; Cerro de la Muerte 3451 m; Cerro Echandi 3163 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terraincoastal plains separated by rugged mountains including over 100 volcanic cones, of which several are major volcanoes
Natural Hazardsoccasional earthquakes, hurricanes along Atlantic coast; frequent flooding of lowlands at onset of rainy season and landslides; active volcanoes volcanism: Arenal (elev. 1,670 m), which erupted in 2010, is the most active volcano in Costa Rica; a 1968 eruption destroyed the town of Tabacon; Irazu (elev. 3,432 m), situated just east of San Jose, has the potential to spew ash over the capital city as it did between 1963 and 1965; other historically active volcanoes include Miravalles, Poas, Rincon de la Vieja, and Turrialba
Natural Resourcehydropower
Land Usearable land: 4.89%
permanent crops: 6.46%
other: 88.65% (2011)
Climatetropical and subtropical; dry season (December to April); rainy season (May to November); cooler in highlands
Irrigated Land1,031 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources112.4 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation and land use change, largely a result of the clearing of land for cattle ranching and agriculture; soil erosion; coastal marine pollution; fisheries protection; solid waste management; air pollution
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: San José; Limon; Alajuela; San Francisco; Desamparados
According to Geonames: San José; Limón; San Francisco; Alajuela; Liberia

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notefour volcanoes, two of them active, rise near the capital of San Jose in the center of the country; one of the volcanoes, Irazu, erupted destructively in 1963-65