unbekannter Gast

Guatemala: People & Society#

Population14,647,083 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.86% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 36.2% (male 2,698,238/female 2,597,026)
15-24 years: 22.1% (male 1,625,139/female 1,615,543)
25-54 years: 32.4% (male 2,251,665/female 2,487,332)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 362,686/female 393,273)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 286,041/female 330,140) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate25.46 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.82 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 23.51 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.57 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 21.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official) 60%, Amerindian languages 40%
note: there are 23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.74 years
male: 69.82 years
female: 73.76 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 75.9%
male: 81.2%
female: 71.1% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan
Net migration rate-2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Total fertility rate2.99 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS57,800 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,400 (2012)
Median agetotal: 21 years
male: 20.4 years
female: 21.7 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2007)
Education expenditures3% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 49% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 3.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.1% of population
rural: 88.6% of population
total: 93.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.9% of population
rural: 11.4% of population
total: 6.2% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 88.4% of population
rural: 72.1% of population
total: 80.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 11.6% of population
rural: 27.9% of population
total: 19.8% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationGUATEMALA CITY (capital) 1.075 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate120 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13% (2009)
Health expenditures6.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.93 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.2% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 7.5%
male: 4.5%
female: 13.6% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 929,852
percentage: 21 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Demographic profileGuatemala is a predominantly poor country that struggles in several areas of health and development, including infant, child, and maternal mortality, malnutrition, literacy, and contraceptive awareness and use. The large indigenous population is disproportionately affected. Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America and has the highest fertility rate in Latin America. It also has the highest population growth rate in Latin America, which is likely to continue in the long term because of its large reproductive-age population and high birth rate. Almost half of Guatemala's population is under age 19, making it the youngest population in Latin America. Guatemala's total fertility rate has slowly declined during the last few decades due in part to limited government-funded health programs. However, the birth rate is still more than three children per woman and is markedly higher among its rural and indigenous populations.
Guatemalans have a history of emigrating legally and illegally to Mexico, the United States, and Canada because of a lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and natural disasters. Emigration, primarily to the United States, escalated during the 1960-1996 civil war and accelerated after a peace agreement was signed. Thousands of Guatemalans who fled to Mexico returned after the war, but labor migration to southern Mexico continues.
Contraceptive prevalence rate43.3% (2002)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 81.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 73.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.3 %
potential support ratio: 12.1 (2013)