unbekannter Gast

Haiti: People & Society#

Population9,996,731
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.08%
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 34% (male 1,701,559/female 1,693,236)
15-24 years: 21.6% (male 1,078,994/female 1,081,005)
25-54 years: 35.3% (male 1,755,722/female 1,770,386)
55-64 years: 5% (male 241,174/female 263,369)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 183,627/female 227,659) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.01 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate22.83 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.91 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 49.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.56 deaths/1,000 live births
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2014 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Creole (official)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.18 years
male: 61.77 years
female: 64.6 years
note: the preliminary 2011 numbers differ significantly from those of 2010, which were strongly influenced by the demographic effect of the January 2010 earthquake; the latest figures more closely correspond to those of 2009 (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.7%
male: 53.4%
female: 44.6% (2006 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Haitian(s)
adjective: Haitian
Net migration rate-4.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%
note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo
Total fertility rate2.79 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate2.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS146,000 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,500 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.2 years
male: 22 years
female: 22.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 53.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.68% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 74.6% of population
rural: 47.5% of population
total: 62.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 25.4% of population
rural: 52.5% of population
total: 37.6% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 31% of population
rural: 16.3% of population
total: 24.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 69% of population
rural: 83.7% of population
total: 75.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPORT-AU-PRINCE (capital) 2.207 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate350 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight18.9% (2006)
Health expenditures7.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.25 physicians/1,000 population (1998)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2007)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7.9% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,587,205
percentage: 21 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.7
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.5% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 56.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.5 %
potential support ratio: 13.4 (2014 est.)