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Honduras: People & Society#

Population8,598,561
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.74% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 34.8% (male 1,529,578/female 1,465,188)
15-24 years: 21.2% (male 928,756/female 892,629)
25-54 years: 35.3% (male 1,530,429/female 1,502,916)
55-64 years: 4.7% (male 187,771/female 217,093)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 150,681/female 193,520) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.66 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.72 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 21.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official), Amerindian dialects
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.91 years
male: 69.24 years
female: 72.65 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 85.1%
male: 85.3%
female: 84.9% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Honduran(s)
adjective: Honduran
Net migration rate-1.18 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%
Total fertility rate2.86 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS25,600 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,700 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 21.9 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.3 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2012)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 52.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 81.5% of population
total: 89.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 18.5% of population
total: 10.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 85.3% of population
rural: 74% of population
total: 80% of population
unimproved: urban: 14.7% of population
rural: 26% of population
total: 20% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTEGUCIGALPA (capital) 1.088 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight8.6% (2006)
Health expenditures9.1% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate18.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 8%
male: 5.5%
female: 13.8% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 280,809
percentage: 16 % (2002 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.4
note: median age a first birth among women 25-29 (2011-12 est.)
Demographic profileHonduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has the world's highest murder rate. More than half of the population lives in poverty and per capita income is one of the lowest in the region. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. The increased productivity needed to break Honduras' persistent high poverty rate depends, in part, on further improvements in educational attainment. Although primary-school enrollment is near 100%, educational quality is poor, the drop-out rate and grade repetition remain high, and teacher and school accountability is low.
Honduras' population growth rate has slowed since the 1990s, but it remains high at nearly 2% annually because the birth rate averages approximately three children per woman and more among rural, indigenous, and poor women. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. Population growth and limited job prospects outside of agriculture will continue to drive emigration. Remittances represent about a fifth of GDP.
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.2% (2005/06)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 57.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4 %
potential support ratio: 13.5 (2014 est.)