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Mexico: Geography#

LocationNorth America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the United States and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the United States
Geographic Coordinates23 00 N, 102 00 W 23.0,-102.0
Area total: 1,964,375 sq km
land: 1,943,945 sq km
water: 20,430 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 1964375
DBpedia: 1972550
Geoname: 1972550
Infoplease: 1972550
Britannica: 1964375
Wolfram: 1964000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 4,353 km
border countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,141 km
Coastline9,330 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m
highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Pico de Orizaba 5610 m; Popocatepetl 5452 m; Iztaccihuatl 5286 m; Tèyotl 4660 m; Nevado de Toluca 4632 m
According to Geonames: Volcán Pico de Orizaba 5636 m; Volcán Popocatépetl 5426 m; Volcán de Colima 4330 m; Mount Tlaloc 4151 m; Cerro El Mirador 4120 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainhigh, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert
Natural Hazardstsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts volcanism: volcanic activity in the central-southern part of the country; the volcanoes in Baja California are mostly dormant; Colima (elev. 3,850 m), which erupted in 2010, is Mexico's most active volcano and is responsible for causing periodic evacuations of nearby villagers; it has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Popocatepetl (elev. 5,426 m) poses a threat to Mexico City; other historically active volcanoes include Barcena, Ceboruco, El Chichon, Michoacan-Guanajuato, Pico de Orizaba, San Martin, Socorro, and Tacana
Natural Resourcepetroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Land Usearable land: 12.98%
permanent crops: 1.36%
other: 85.66% (2011)
Climatevaries from tropical to desert
Irrigated Land64,600 sq km (2009)
Renewable Water Resources457.2 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesscarcity of hazardous waste disposal facilities; rural to urban migration; natural freshwater resources scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; deteriorating agricultural lands; serious air and water pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border; land subsidence in Valley of Mexico caused by groundwater depletion<br /><i><b>note:</b> </i>the government considers the lack of clean water and deforestation national security issues
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mexico City; Ecatepec; Tijuana; Puebla; Guadalajara
According to Geonames: Mexico City; Iztapalapa; Ecatepec; Guadalajara; Puebla

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location on southern border of US; corn (maize), one of the world's major grain crops, is thought to have originated in Mexico