unbekannter Gast

Mexico: People & Society#

Population120,286,655 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.21% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.9% (male 17,188,577/female 16,423,421)
15-24 years: 18.1% (male 10,999,445/female 10,741,999)
25-54 years: 40.4% (male 23,385,321/female 25,200,511)
55-64 years: 6.6% (male 3,850,792/female 4,527,074)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 3,594,675/female 4,374,840) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate19.02 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.24 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.58 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.08 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.43 years
male: 72.67 years
female: 78.32 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 94.8%
female: 92.3% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Net migration rate-1.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate2.29 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS174,300 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 27.3 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 28.4 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Urbanizationurban population: 78% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
note: Mexico City is the second-largest urban agglomeration in the Western Hemisphere, after Sao Paulo (Brazil), but before New York-Newark (US)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 95.9% of population
rural: 89.3% of population
total: 94.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.1% of population
rural: 10.7% of population
total: 5.6% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 86.7% of population
rural: 77.4% of population
total: 84.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 13.3% of population
rural: 22.6% of population
total: 15.3% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationMEXICO CITY (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate50 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.8% (2012)
Health expenditures6.4% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density1.96 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density1.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate32.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 9.4%
male: 9.1%
female: 9.9% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5 % (2009 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate70.9% (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8 %
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2013)