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Panama: Geography#

LocationCentral America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica
Geographic Coordinates9 00 N, 80 00 W 9.0,-80.0
Area total: 75,420 sq km
land: 74,340 sq km
water: 1,080 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 75420
DBpedia: 75516
Geoname: 78200
Infoplease: 78200
Britannica: 74177
Wolfram: 75420

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 555 km
border countries: Colombia 225 km, Costa Rica 330 km
Coastline2,490 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Volcan Baru 3,475 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Volcan Baru 3478 m
According to Geonames: Cerro Fábrega 3335 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terraininterior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Natural Hazardsoccasional severe storms and forest fires in the Darien area
Natural Resourcecopper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 7.16%
permanent crops: 2.51%
other: 90.33% (2011)
Climatetropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
Irrigated Land346.2 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources148 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueswater pollution from agricultural runoff threatens fishery resources; deforestation of tropical rain forest; land degradation and soil erosion threatens siltation of Panama Canal; air pollution in urban areas; mining threatens natural resources
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesPanama; San Miguelito; Tocumen; David; Arraijan
[Verified]
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location on eastern end of isthmus forming land bridge connecting North and South America; controls Panama Canal that links North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean Sea with North Pacific Ocean