unbekannter Gast

Panama: People & Society#

Population3,608,431 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.35% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.4% (male 504,710/female 484,166)
15-24 years: 17.3% (male 317,875/female 306,378)
25-54 years: 40.1% (male 733,588/female 714,859)
55-64 years: 7.4% (male 131,899/female 135,015)
65 years and over: 7.6% (male 129,091/female 150,850) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.77 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsmestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.46 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish (official), English 14%
note: many Panamanians are bilingual
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.3 years
male: 75.51 years
female: 81.22 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.1%
male: 94.7%
female: 93.5% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Panamanian(s)
adjective: Panamanian
Net migration rate-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
Total fertility rate2.38 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS16,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths600 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.3 years
male: 27.9 years
female: 28.7 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: dengue fever (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2011)
Education expenditures3.5% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 75.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.23% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.8% of population
rural: 86.6% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.2% of population
rural: 13.4% of population
total: 5.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 79.7% of population
rural: 52.5% of population
total: 73.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 20.3% of population
rural: 47.5% of population
total: 26.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPANAMA CITY (capital) 1.426 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate92 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.9% (2008)
Health expenditures8.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.5 physicians/1,000 population (2000)
Hospital bed density2.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 14.6%
male: 8.7%
female: 10.3% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 59,294
percentage: 7 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 (2010 est.)
Demographic profilePanama is a country of demographic and economic contrasts. It is in the midst of a demographic transition, characterized by steadily declining rates of fertility, mortality, and population growth, but disparities persist based on wealth, geography, and ethnicity. Panama has one of the fastest growing economies in Latin America and dedicates substantial funding to social programs, yet poverty and inequality remain prevalent. The indigenous population accounts for a growing share of Panama's poor and extreme poor, while the non-indigenous rural poor have been more successful at rising out of poverty through rural-to-urban labor migration. The government's large expenditures on untargeted, indirect subsidies for water, electricity, and fuel have been ineffective, but its conditional cash transfer program has shown some promise in helping to decrease extreme poverty among the indigenous population.
Panama has expanded access to education and clean water, but the availability of sanitation and, to a lesser extent, electricity remains poor. The increase in secondary schooling - led by female enrollment - is spreading to rural and indigenous areas, which probably will help to alleviate poverty if educational quality and the availability of skilled jobs improve. Inadequate access to sanitation contributes to a high incidence of diarrhea in Panama's children, which is one of the main causes of Panama's elevated chronic malnutrition rate, especially among indigenous communities.
Contraceptive prevalence rate52.2% (2009)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 54.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4 %
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2014 est.)