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Peru: Geography#

LocationWestern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Geographic Coordinates10 00 S, 76 00 W -10.0,-76.0
Area total: 1,285,216 sq km
land: 1,279,996 sq km
water: 5,220 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 7,461 km
border countries: Bolivia 1,075 km, Brazil 2,995 km, Chile 171 km, Colombia 1,800 km, Ecuador 1,420 km
Coastline2,414 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Huascaran 6768 m; Yerupaja 6634 m; Coropuna 6425 m; Huandoy 6395 m; Huantsan 6395 m
According to Geonames: Cerro Pariamachay 6759 m; Nevado Huascarán 6746 m; Nevado Yerupajá 6617 m; Nevado Auzangate 6384 m; Nevado Coropuna 6377 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainwestern coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
Natural Hazardsearthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity volcanism: volcanic activity in the Andes Mountains; Ubinas (elev. 5,672 m), which last erupted in 2009, is the country's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes include El Misti, Huaynaputina, Sabancaya, and Yucamane
Natural Resourcecopper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Land Usearable land: 2.84%
permanent crops: 0.66%
other: 96.5% (2011)
Climatevaries from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Irrigated Land11,960 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources1,913 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Lima; Arequipa; Trujillo; Chiclayo; Iquitos
According to Geonames: Lima; Arequipa; Callao; Trujillo; Chiclayo

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteshares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake, with Bolivia; a remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 m peak, is the ultimate source of the Amazon River
Important Lakes