unbekannter Gast

United States: People & Society#

Population318,892,103 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.77% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.4% (male 31,580,349/female 30,221,106)
15-24 years: 13.7% (male 22,436,057/female 21,321,861)
25-54 years: 39.9% (male 63,452,792/female 63,671,631)
55-64 years: 12.6% (male 19,309,019/female 20,720,284)
65 years and over: 13.9% (male 20,304,644/female 25,874,360) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate13.42 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.15 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.17 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.75 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
note: the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 28 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.56 years
male: 77.11 years
female: 81.94 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: American(s)
adjective: American
Net migration rate2.45 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate2.01 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1.2 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths17,000 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.6 years
male: 36.3 years
female: 39 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationNew York-Newark 20.352 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 13.395 million; Chicago 9.676 million; Miami 6.061 million; Philadelphia 5.927 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.705 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate21 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.3% (2004)
Health expenditures17.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.42 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 17.3%
male: 18.7%
female: 15.7% (2011)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.4 (2009 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate76.4%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51 %
youth dependency ratio: 29.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21.6 %
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2014 est.)