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Venezuela: Geography#

LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Geographic Coordinates8 00 N, 66 00 W 8.0,-66.0
Area total: 912,050 sq km
land: 882,050 sq km
water: 30,000 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 912050
DBpedia: 916444
Geoname: 912050
Infoplease: 912050
Britannica: 916445
Wolfram: 912050

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 4,993 km
border countries: Brazil 2,200 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km
Coastline2,800 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Pico Bolivar 5,007 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Pico Bolivar 5007 m; Pico Humboldt 4942 m; Pico La Concha 4922 m; Bonpland 4890 m; Pico Jahn 4800 m
According to Geonames: La Columna 4981 m; Cerro Pintado 3660 m; Pico El Toro 3600 m; Páramo Colorado 3350 m; Pico da Neblina 2994 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
TerrainAndes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast
Natural Hazardssubject to floods, rockslides, mudslides; periodic droughts
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Land Usearable land: 2.85%
permanent crops: 0.71%
other: 96.44% (2011)
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Irrigated Land10,550 sq km (2008)
Renewable Water Resources1,233 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed but not ratified:: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Caracas; Maracaibo; Valencia; Barquisimeto; Ciudad Guayana
According to Geonames: Caracas; Maracaibo; Maracay; Valencia; Barquisimeto

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteon major sea and air routes linking North and South America; Angel Falls in the Guiana Highlands is the world's highest waterfall