unbekannter Gast

Afghanistan: People & Society#

Population31,822,848 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.29% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42% (male 6,793,832/female 6,579,388)
15-24 years: 22.2% (male 3,600,264/female 3,464,781)
25-54 years: 29.4% (male 4,771,323/female 4,586,963)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 603,197/female 622,539)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 371,753/female 428,808) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate38.84 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate14.12 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 117.23 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 124.89 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 109.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesAfghan Persian or Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi and Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism, but Dari functions as the lingua franca
note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashai, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.49 years
male: 49.17 years
female: 51.88 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.1%
male: 43.1%
female: 12.6% (2000 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Afghan(s)
adjective: Afghan
Net migration rate-1.83 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsSunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1%
Total fertility rate5.43 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths300 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.1 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 18.2 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 11 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 23.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.41% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 89.9% of population
rural: 56.1% of population
total: 64.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.1% of population
rural: 43.9% of population
total: 35.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 46.8% of population
rural: 23.4% of population
total: 29% of population
unimproved: urban: 53.2% of population
rural: 76.6% of population
total: 71% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationKABUL (capital) 3.097 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.9% (2004)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.19 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.2% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 3,252,243
percentage: 25 %
note: data on child labor in Afghanistan is uncertain and may be higher than the estimated 25% of children ages 5-14 derived from 2011 survey results; UNICEF estimated that 30% of children ages 5-14 in 2011 were engaged in child labor (2008 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate21.8% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 93.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 88.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6 %
potential support ratio: 21.5 (2014 est.)