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Azerbaijan: Geography#

LocationSouthwestern Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Russia, with a small European portion north of the Caucasus range
Geographic Coordinates40 30 N, 47 30 E 40.5,47.5
Area total: 86,600 sq km
land: 82,629 sq km
water: 3,971 sq km
note: includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region; the region's autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 2,468 km
border countries: Armenia 996 km, Georgia 428 km, Iran 689 km, Russia 338 km, Turkey 17 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked); note - Azerbaijan borders the Caspian Sea (713 km)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Bazarduzu 4466 m
According to Geonames: Gora Bazardyuzi 4466 m; Sahdag 4243 m; Tufandag 4197 m; Yarudag 4116 m; Gora Charundag 4080 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainlarge, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi (Kura-Araks Lowland, much of it below sea level) with Great Caucasus Mountains to the north, Qarabag Yaylasi (Karabakh Upland) in west; Baku lies on Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) that juts into Caspian Sea
Natural Hazardsdroughts
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Land Usearable land: 21.78%
permanent crops: 2.62%
other: 75.6% (2011)
Climatedry, semiarid steppe
Irrigated Land14,250 sq km (2010)
Renewable Water Resources34.68 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslocal scientists consider the Abseron Yasaqligi (Apsheron Peninsula) (including Baku and Sumqayit) and the Caspian Sea to be the ecologically most devastated area in the world because of severe air, soil, and water pollution; soil pollution results from oil spills, from the use of DDT pesticide, and from toxic defoliants used in the production of cotton
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Baku; Ganca; Sumqayit; Mingacevir; Qaracuxur
According to Geonames: Baku; Ganja; Sumqayit; Lankaran; Mingachevir

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteboth the main area of the country and the Naxcivan exclave are landlocked
Important Rivers
Important Lakes