unbekannter Gast

Burma: People & Society#

Population55,746,253 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population growth rate1.03% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.4% (male 7,498,179/female 7,209,588)
15-24 years: 18.3% (male 5,163,399/female 5,037,117)
25-54 years: 43.1% (male 11,930,777/female 12,073,741)
55-64 years: 5.3% (male 1,836,463/female 2,059,482)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 1,277,919/female 1,659,588) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.65 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.01 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 44.91 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 51.35 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 38.07 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesBurmese (official)
note: minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 65.94 years
male: 63.57 years
female: 68.46 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.7%
male: 95.1%
female: 90.4% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Burmese (singular and plural)
adjective: Burmese
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, Animist 1%, other 2%
Total fertility rate2.18 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS195,700 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,600 (2012)
Median agetotal: 27.9 years
male: 27.3 years
female: 28.5 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years (2007)
Education expenditures0.8% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 32.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 94% of population
rural: 79.3% of population
total: 84.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 6% of population
rural: 20.7% of population
total: 15.9% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 83.9% of population
rural: 74.1% of population
total: 77.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 16.1% of population
rural: 25.9% of population
total: 22.7% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationRANGOON (capital) 4.259 million; Mandalay 1.009 million; Nay Pyi Taw 992,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight22.6% (2010)
Health expenditures2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.5 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4% (2008)
Contraceptive prevalence rate46% (2009/10)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 35.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.5 %
potential support ratio: 13.4 (2013)