unbekannter Gast

Cambodia: People & Society#

Population15,458,332 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population growth rate1.63% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.6% (male 2,460,659/female 2,423,619)
15-24 years: 20.5% (male 1,565,135/female 1,596,099)
25-54 years: 38.9% (male 2,938,366/female 3,082,496)
55-64 years: 4% (male 298,733/female 482,588)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 229,684/female 380,953) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate24.4 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.78 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 51.36 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesKhmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.78 years
male: 61.35 years
female: 66.32 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 82.8%
female: 65.9% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Net migration rate-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate2.66 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.8% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS76,400 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,700 (2012)
Median agetotal: 24.1 years
male: 23.4 years
female: 24.8 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Education expenditures2.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 20% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 61.5% of population
total: 67.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 38.5% of population
total: 32.9% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 76.4% of population
rural: 22.3% of population
total: 33.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 23.6% of population
rural: 77.7% of population
total: 66.9% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPHNOM PENH (capital) 1.55 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate250 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight29% (2011)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.23 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 3.4%
male: 3.5%
female: 3.3% (2008)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,345,269
percentage: 39 % (2001 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate50.5% (2010/11)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 57.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 48.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.4 %
potential support ratio: 11.9 (2013)