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China: Geography#

LocationEastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam
Geographic Coordinates35 00 N, 105 00 E 35.0,105.0
Area total: 9,596,960 sq km
land: 9,326,410 sq km
water: 270,550 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 9596961
DBpedia: 9706961
Geoname: 9596960
Infoplease: 9596960
Britannica: 9572900
Wolfram: 9597000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 22,457 km
border countries: Afghanistan 91 km, Bhutan 477 km, Burma 2,129 km, India 2,659 km, Kazakhstan 1,765 km, North Korea 1,352 km, Kyrgyzstan 1,063 km, Laos 475 km, Mongolia 4,630 km, Nepal 1,389 km, Pakistan 438 km, Russia (northeast) 4,139 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 477 km, Vietnam 1,297 km
regional borders: Hong Kong 33 km, Macau 3 km
Coastline14,500 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (highest point in Asia)
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Everest 8848 m; Lhotse middle 8430 m; Shisha Pangma 8013 m; Gasherbrum III 7952 m; Namche Barwa 7782 m
According to Geonames: Qowowuyag 8188 m; Xixabangma Feng 8027 m; Gyachung Kang 7952 m; Chomo Lonzo 7818 m; Namjagbarwa Feng 7782 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east
Natural Hazardsfrequent typhoons (about five per year along southern and eastern coasts); damaging floods; tsunamis; earthquakes; droughts; land subsidence volcanism: China contains some historically active volcanoes including Changbaishan (also known as Baitoushan, Baegdu, or P'aektu-san), Hainan Dao, and Kunlun although most have been relatively inactive in recent centuries
Natural Resourcecoal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)
Land Usearable land: 11.62%
permanent crops: 1.53%
other: 86.84% (2011)
Climateextremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north
Irrigated Land629,380 sq km (2006)
Renewable Water Resources2,840 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution (greenhouse gases, sulfur dioxide particulates) from reliance on coal produces acid rain; China is the world's largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water shortages, particularly in the north; water pollution from untreated wastes; deforestation; estimated loss of one-fifth of agricultural land since 1949 to soil erosion and economic development; desertification; trade in endangered species
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Shanghai; Beijing; Zhoukou; Nanyang; Baoding
According to Geonames: Shanghai; Beijing; Tianjin; Guangzhou; Shenzhen

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteworld's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US) and largest country situated entirely in Asia; Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak
Important Lakes