unbekannter Gast

China: People & Society#

Population1,355,692,576 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.44% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.1% (male 124,340,516/female 107,287,324)
15-24 years: 14.7% (male 105,763,058/female 93,903,845)
25-54 years: 47.2% (male 327,130,324/female 313,029,536)
55-64 years: 9.6% (male 77,751,100/female 75,737,968)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 62,646,075/female 68,102,830) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.11 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.16 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.17 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.44 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsHan Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uyghur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai and other nationalities) 7.1%
note: the Chinese government officially recognizes 56 ethnic groups (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.79 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesStandard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)
note: Zhuang is official in Guangxi Zhuang, Yue is official in Guangdong, Mongolian is official in Nei Mongol, Uyghur is official in Xinjiang Uyghur, Kyrgyz is official in Xinjiang Uyghur, and Tibetan is official in Xizang (Tibet)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.15 years
male: 73.09 years
female: 77.43 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.1%
male: 97.5%
female: 92.7% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Chinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Chinese
Net migration rate-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion < .1%, Hindu < .1%, Jewish < .1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%
note: officially atheist (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate1.55 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS780,000 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths26,000 (2012)
Median agetotal: 36.7 years
male: 35.8 years
female: 37.5 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis
soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 50.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.85% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 91.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 8.3% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 74.1% of population
rural: 55.8% of population
total: 65.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 25.9% of population
rural: 44.2% of population
total: 34.9% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationShanghai 16.575 million; BEIJING (capital) 15.594 million; Chongqing 9.401 million; Shenzhen 9.005 million; Guangzhou 8.884 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate37 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.4% (2010)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.7% (2008)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84.6% (2006)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 36.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.1 %
potential support ratio: 8.2 (2013)