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India: Geography#

LocationSouthern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Geographic Coordinates20 00 N, 77 00 E 20.0,77.0
Area total: 3,287,263 sq km
land: 2,973,193 sq km
water: 314,070 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 3287263
DBpedia: 3287262
Geoname: 3287590
Infoplease: 3287590
Britannica: 3166414
Wolfram: 3287000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 13,888 km
border countries: Bangladesh 4,142 km, Bhutan 659 km, Burma 1,468 km, China 2,659 km, Nepal 1,770 km, Pakistan 3,190 km
Coastline7,000 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Kangchenjunga 8586 m; Kangchenjunga West 8505 m; Kangchenjunga South 8494 m; Kangchenjunga Central 8482 m; Distaghil Sar 7885 m
According to Geonames: Nanda Devi 7816 m; Kamet 7756 m; Saser Kangri 7672 m; Kabru 7412 m; Badrinath 7138 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Natural Hazardsdroughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes volcanism: Barren Island (elev. 354 m) in the Andaman Sea has been active in recent years
Natural Resourcecoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Land Usearable land: 47.87%
permanent crops: 3.74%
other: 48.39% (2011)
Climatevaries from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Irrigated Land663,340 sq km (2008)
Renewable Water Resources1,911 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mumbai; Delhi; Bengaluru; Chennai; Kolkata
According to Geonames: Mumbai; Delhi; Bangalore; Kolkata; Chennai

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notedominates South Asian subcontinent; near important Indian Ocean trade routes; Kanchenjunga, third tallest mountain in the world, lies on the border with Nepal