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Indonesia: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Asia, archipelago between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean
Geographic Coordinates5 00 S, 120 00 E -5.0,120.0
Area total: 1,904,569 sq km
land: 1,811,569 sq km
water: 93,000 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 1904569
DBpedia: 1904568
Geoname: 1919440
Infoplease: 1919440
Britannica: 1910931
Wolfram: 1905000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,958 km
border countries: Timor-Leste 253 km, Malaysia 1,881 km, Papua New Guinea 824 km
Coastline54,716 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Puncak Jaya 4,884 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Puncak Jaya 4884 m; Puncak Mandala 4760 m; Puncak Trikora 4750 m; Puncak Yamin 4087 m; Mount Kerinchi 3800 m
According to Geonames: Gunung Kerinci 3805 m; Mount Rinjani 3726 m; Gunung Semeru 3676 m; Gunung Sanggar 3564 m; Buntu Rantemario 3478 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmostly coastal lowlands; larger islands have interior mountains
Natural Hazardsoccasional floods; severe droughts; tsunamis; earthquakes; volcanoes; forest fires volcanism: Indonesia contains the most volcanoes of any country in the world - some 76 are historically active; significant volcanic activity occurs on Java, Sumatra, the Sunda Islands, Halmahera Island, Sulawesi Island, Sangihe Island, and in the Banda Sea; Merapi (elev. 2,968 m), Indonesia's most active volcano and in eruption since 2010, has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Agung, Awu, Karangetang, Krakatau (Krakatoa), Makian, Raung, and Tambora
Natural Resourcepetroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
Land Usearable land: 12.34%
permanent crops: 10.5%
other: 77.16% (2011)
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Irrigated Land67,220 sq km (2005)
Renewable Water Resources2,019 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; water pollution from industrial wastes, sewage; air pollution in urban areas; smoke and haze from forest fires
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Jakarta; Surabaya; Bandung; Bekasi; Medan
According to Geonames: Jakarta; Surabaya; Medan; Bandung; Bekasi

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notearchipelago of 17,508 islands, some 6,000 of which are inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); straddles equator; strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from Indian Ocean to Pacific Ocean