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Israel: Geography#

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon
Geographic Coordinates31 30 N, 34 45 E 31.5,34.75
Area total: 20,770 sq km
land: 20,330 sq km
water: 440 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 20770
DBpedia: 20769
Geoname: 20770
Infoplease: 20770
Britannica: 21643
Wolfram: 20770

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 1,068 km
border countries: Egypt 208 km, Gaza Strip 59 km, Jordan 307 km, Lebanon 81 km, Syria 83 km, West Bank 330 km
Coastline273 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Har Karkom 1035 m; Mount Ramon 1035 m
According to Geonames: Har Meron 1208 m; Har Ramon 1037 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
TerrainNegev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley
Natural Hazardssandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts; periodic earthquakes
Natural Resourcetimber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Land Usearable land: 13.68%
permanent crops: 3.69%
other: 82.62% (2011)
Climatetemperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
Irrigated Land2,250 sq km (2004)
Renewable Water Resources1.78 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslimited arable land and natural freshwater resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Jerusalem; Tel Aviv; Haifa; Rishon LeZiyyon; Ashdod
According to Geonames: Jerusalem; West Jerusalem; Haifa; Tel Aviv; Ashdod

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteLake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) is an important freshwater source; the Dead Sea is the second saltiest body of water in the world (after Lake Assal in Djibouti); there are about 355 Israeli civilian sites including about 145 small outpost communities in the West Bank, 41 sites in the Golan Heights, and 32 in East Jerusalem (2010 est.)