unbekannter Gast

Japan: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (21)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
NameCategoryYearMotivation
Isamu AkasakiPhysics2014"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"
Hiroshi AmanoPhysics2014"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"
Leo EsakiPhysics1973"for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively"
Kenichi FukuiChemistry1981"for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"
Yasunari KawabataLiterature1968"for his narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind"
Makoto KobayashiPhysics2008"for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"
Masatoshi KoshibaPhysics2002"for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos"
Toshihide MaskawaPhysics2008"for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"
Shuji NakamuraPhysics2014"for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources"
Yoichiro NambuPhysics2008"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"
Ryoji NoyoriChemistry2001"for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions"
Kenzaburo OeLiterature1994"who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today"
Eisaku SatoPeace1974
Osamu ShimomuraChemistry2008"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"
Hideki ShirakawaChemistry2000"for the discovery and development of conductive polymers"
Akira SuzukiChemistry2010"for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis"
Koichi TanakaChemistry2002"for their development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules"
Sin-Itiro TomonagaPhysics1965"for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles"
Susumu TonegawaMedicine1987"for his discovery of the genetic principle for generation of antibody diversity"
Shinya YamanakaMedicine2012"for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
Hideki YukawaPhysics1949"for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces"

Partial List of Famous People#

Field Medal Winners#

NameYearAffiliation
Heisuke Hironaka1970Harvard University
Kunihiko Kodaira1954Princeton University
Shigefumi Mori1990Harvard University

Wolf Prize Winner#

NameCategoryYearMotivation
Ryoji NoyoriChemistry2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee for Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Prize for 2001 be awarded for his pioneering, creative and crucial work in developing asymmetric catalysis for the synthesis of chiral molecules, greatly increasing mankind´s ability to create new products of fundamental and practical importance
Yoichiro NambuPhysics1995THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his contribution to elementary particle theory, including recognition of the role played by spontaneous symmetry-breaking in analogy with uperconductivity theory, and the discovery of the color symmetry of the strong interactions.
Masatoshi KoshibaPhysics2000THE 2000 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their pioneering observations of astronomical phenomena by detection of neutrinos, thus creating the emerging field of neutrino astronomy.
Kunihiko KodairaMathematics1984THE 1984/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee for 1984/5 recommends unanimously that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared jointly for his outstanding contributions to the study of complex manifolds and algebraic varieties.
Kiyoshi ItoMathematics1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee in Mathematics for 1987 has unanimously recommended that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics be shared in equal halves for his fundamental contributions to pure and applied probability theory, especially the creation of the stochastic differential and integral calculus.
Mikio SatoMathematics2002THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for his creation of “algebraic analysis´, including hyperfunction and microfunction theory,holonomic quantum field theory, and a unified theory of soliton equations.
Osamu HayaishiMedicine1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Medicine Prize Committee unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Medicine for 1986 be awarded for the discovery of the oxygenase enzymes and elucidation of their structure and biological importance.
Yasutomi NishizukaMedicine1995The 1994/5 wolf foundation prize in medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1994/5 awarded for their discoveries concerning cellular transmembrane signalling involving phospholipids and calcium.
Shinya YamanakaMedicine2011The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2011 Wolf Prize be awarded For the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells) from skin cells (SY) and demonstration that iPS cells can be used to cure genetic disease in a mammal, thus establishing their therapeutic potential (RJ).
Fumihikio MakiArchitecture1988THE 1988 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (ARCHITECTURE) for their work which represents the spirit of an architecture that looks to the future without renouncing the past; brings about meaningful shapes and environments without forsaking human and social aspects and responds to universal issues without neglecting regional attributes.