unbekannter Gast

Kazakhstan: People & Society#

Population17,948,816 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.17% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.1% (male 2,247,628/female 2,254,744)
15-24 years: 16.1% (male 1,469,275/female 1,418,175)
25-54 years: 42.6% (male 3,720,498/female 3,927,626)
55-64 years: 9.2% (male 724,683/female 935,416)
65 years and over: 6.8% (male 429,565/female 821,206) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 0.94 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.52 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate19.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.31 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsKazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.9%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.4% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesKazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.24 years
male: 64.98 years
female: 75.17 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2009 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Kazakhstani(s)
adjective: Kazakhstani
Net migration rate0.42 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 est.)
Total fertility rate2.34 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS13,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.7 years
male: 28.4 years
female: 31.1 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2012)
Education expenditures3.1% of GDP (2009)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.87% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.2% of population
rural: 86% of population
total: 93.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.8% of population
rural: 14% of population
total: 6.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 97% of population
rural: 98% of population
total: 97.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 3% of population
rural: 2% of population
total: 2.5% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationAlmaty 1.426 million; ASTANA (capital) 664,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate51 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.7% (2011)
Health expenditures3.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.84 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density7.6 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.7% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 3.9%
male: 2.9%
female: 5.1% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 59,254
percentage: 2 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate51% (2011)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 38.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10 %
potential support ratio: 10 (2014 est.)