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Kuwait: People & Society#

Population2,742,711 (July 2014 est.)
note: immigrants make up just over 60% of the total population, according to UN data (2013)
Population growth rate1.7%
note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.4% (male 363,001/female 334,851)
15-24 years: 15.3% (male 230,628/female 188,892)
25-54 years: 52.3% (male 910,832/female 524,690)
55-64 years: 2.2% (male 73,816/female 54,678)
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 29,312/female 32,011) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.22 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.74 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.42 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 1.43 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate20.26 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate2.16 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.51 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), English widely spoken
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.64 years
male: 76.37 years
female: 78.96 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.9%
male: 95%
female: 91.8% (2008 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Kuwaiti(s)
adjective: Kuwaiti
Net migration rate-1.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official) 85% (Sunni 59.5%, Shia 25.5%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15%
Total fertility rate2.53 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 28.9 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 26.8 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2004)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2006)
Urbanizationurban population: 98.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.42% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 1% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
0% of population
0% of population
0% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationKUWAIT (capital) 2.23 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate14 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.2% (2012)
Health expenditures2.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.79 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate42% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.3%
male: 11.8%
female: 10% (2005)
Contraceptive prevalence rate52% (1999)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 37.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 34 %
elderly dependency ratio: 3.2 %
potential support ratio: 31.3 (2013)