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Lebanon: Geography#

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria
Geographic Coordinates33 50 N, 35 50 E 33.833332,35.833332
Area total: 10,400 sq km
land: 10,230 sq km
water: 170 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 10400
DBpedia: 10452
Geoname: 10400
Infoplease: 10400
Britannica: 10452
Wolfram: 10452

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 454 km
border countries: Israel 79 km, Syria 375 km
Coastline225 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Qornet es Saouda 3,088 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Qurnat as Sawda' 3088 m; Mount Hermon 2814 m
According to Geonames: Machraa Tourmous 2932 m; Dahr Qloussia 2845 m; Harf Aïn el Baïda 2839 m; Mount Hermon 2814 m; Mashraa el Barbris 2811 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainnarrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley) separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains
Natural Hazardsdust storms, sandstorms
Natural Resourcelimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Land Usearable land: 10.72%
permanent crops: 12.06%
other: 77.22% (2011)
ClimateMediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot, dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows
Irrigated Land1,040 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources4.5 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Beirut from vehicular traffic and the burning of industrial wastes; pollution of coastal waters from raw sewage and oil spills
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Beirut; Trablous; Sayda; Sur; Juniyah
According to Geonames: Beirut; Ra’s Bayrut; Tripoli; Sidon; Tyre

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notesmallest country in continental Asia; Nahr el Litani is the only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity