unbekannter Gast

Lebanon: People & Society#

Population5,882,562 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate9.37% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 25.2% (male 758,153/female 723,619)
15-24 years: 17.2% (male 515,591/female 493,879)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 1,309,544/female 1,283,074)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 185,503/female 219,242)
65 years and over: 9.4% (male 175,911/female 218,046) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate14.8 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.53 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.22 years
male: 76.03 years
female: 78.46 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 89.6%
male: 93.4%
female: 86% (2007 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Lebanese (singular and plural)
adjective: Lebanese
Net migration rate83.82 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 54% (27% Sunni, 27% Shia), Christian 40.5% (includes 21% Maronite Catholic, 8% Greek Orthodox, 5% Greek Catholic, 6.5% other Christian), Druze 5.6%, very small numbers of Jews, Baha'is, Buddhists, Hindus, and Mormons
note: 18 religious sects recognized (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate1.74 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,600 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.3 years
male: 28.7 years
female: 29.8 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 87.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.86% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 98.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 1.7% of population (2005 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBEIRUT (capital) 2.022 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.2% (2004)
Health expenditures6.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.54 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.8%
male: 14.6%
female: 22.3% (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 54,387
percentage: 7 % (2000 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate58% (2004)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 28.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.3 %
potential support ratio: 8.1 (2014 est.)