unbekannter Gast

Malaysia: People & Society#

Population30,073,353 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.47% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.8% (male 4,456,033/female 4,206,727)
15-24 years: 16.9% (male 2,580,486/female 2,511,579)
25-54 years: 41.2% (male 6,277,694/female 6,114,312)
55-64 years: 5.5% (male 1,163,861/female 1,122,746)
65 years and over: 5.3% (male 777,338/female 862,577) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate20.06 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMalay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.69 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.82 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
note: in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.52 years
male: 71.74 years
female: 77.48 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.1%
male: 95.4%
female: 90.7% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Malaysian(s)
adjective: Malaysian
Net migration rate-0.34 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census)
Total fertility rate2.58 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS82,000 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,200 (2012)
Median agetotal: 27.7 years
male: 27.4 years
female: 27.9 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2005)
Education expenditures5.9% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 72.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.5% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.5% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 96.1% of population
rural: 94.6% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.9% of population
rural: 5.4% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationKUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.9% (2006)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.2 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 10.3%
male: 9.8%
female: 11% (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate49% (2004)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 38.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.8 %
potential support ratio: 12.8 (2013)