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Mongolia: Geography#

LocationNorthern Asia, between China and Russia
Geographic Coordinates46 00 N, 105 00 E 46.0,105.0
Area total: 1,564,116 sq km
land: 1,553,556 sq km
water: 10,560 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 8,220 km
border countries: China 4,677 km, Russia 3,543 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Hoh Nuur 560 m
highest point: Nayramadlin Orgil (Huyten Orgil) 4,374 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Huiten 4374 m; Hüiten Peak 4374 m; Mönkh Khairkhan 4231 m; Sutai Mountain 4220 m; Tsambagarav 4193 m
According to Geonames: K’uei-t’un Shan 4082 m; Otgon Tenger Uul 4008 m; Tung-ho-ko-erh 3325 m; Gora Sar’dag-Ula 2027 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainvast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steppe, mountains in west and southwest; Gobi Desert in south-central
Natural Hazardsdust storms; grassland and forest fires; drought; "zud," which is harsh winter conditions
Natural Resourceoil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron
Land Usearable land: 0.39%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 99.61% (2011)
Climatedesert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
Irrigated Land843 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources34.8 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslimited natural freshwater resources in some areas; the policies of former Communist regimes promoted rapid urbanization and industrial growth that had negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, and the converting of virgin land to agricultural production increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities had a deleterious effect on the environment
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Ulaanbaatar; Erdenet; Darhan; Cojbalsan; Olgij
According to Geonames: Ulaanbaatar; Erdenet; Darhan; Khovd; Ölgiy

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; strategic location between China and Russia
Important Lakes