unbekannter Gast

Mongolia: People & Society#

Population2,953,190 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.37% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.8% (male 404,051/female 388,546)
15-24 years: 18.7% (male 278,912/female 273,167)
25-54 years: 44.5% (male 636,799/female 677,236)
55-64 years: 4.1% (male 80,267/female 94,021)
65 years and over: 4% (male 49,314/female 70,877) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate20.88 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.38 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsKhalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 23.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 26.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesKhalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian (1999)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.98 years
male: 64.72 years
female: 73.45 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.4%
male: 96.8%
female: 97.9% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Net migration rate-0.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate2.22 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 27.1 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 27.8 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2012)
Education expenditures5.5% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 68.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 53.1% of population
total: 85.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 46.9% of population
total: 14.7% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 64% of population
rural: 29.1% of population
total: 53% of population
unimproved: urban: 36% of population
rural: 70.9% of population
total: 47% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationULAANBAATAR (capital) 949,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2005)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.76 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density6.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.4% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.9%
male: 10.7%
female: 13.2% (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 106,203
percentage: 18 % (2005 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate55% (2010)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 39.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.1 (2013)