unbekannter Gast

Papua New Guinea: People & Society#

Population6,552,730 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.84% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 35% (male 1,165,911/female 1,125,104)
15-24 years: 19.7% (male 652,548/female 635,411)
25-54 years: 36.2% (male 1,226,213/female 1,146,951)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 173,019/female 169,329)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 134,396/female 123,848) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.14 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
People - notethe indigenous population of Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous in the world; PNG has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people; divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in low-scale tribal conflict with their neighbors for millennia; the advent of modern weapons and modern migrants into urban areas has greatly magnified the impact of this lawlessness
Birth rate24.89 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.53 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Infant mortality ratetotal: 39.67 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 43.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesTok Pisin (official), English (official), Hiri Motu (official), some 836 indigenous languages spoken (about 12% of the world's total); most languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers
note: Tok Pisin, a creole language, is widely used and understood; English is spoken by 1%-2%; Hiri Motu is spoken by less than 2%
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.85 years
male: 64.63 years
female: 69.19 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 62.4%
male: 65.4%
female: 59.4% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Papua New Guinean(s)
adjective: Papua New Guinean
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census)
Total fertility rate3.24 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.5% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS24,900 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 (2012)
Median agetotal: 22.4 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 22.2 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 13% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 2.9% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 89.2% of population
rural: 33.3% of population
total: 40.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.8% of population
rural: 66.7% of population
total: 59.8% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 56.7% of population
rural: 13.3% of population
total: 18.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 43.3% of population
rural: 86.7% of population
total: 81.3% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationPORT MORESBY (capital) 314,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate230 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight18.1% (2005)
Health expenditures4.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate16.2% (2008)
Contraceptive prevalence rate32.4% (2007)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 69.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 64.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9 %
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2013)