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Philippines: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam
Geographic Coordinates13 00 N, 122 00 E 13.0,122.0
Area total: 300,000 sq km
land: 298,170 sq km
water: 1,830 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline36,289 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Philippine Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Apo 2954 m; Mount Pulag 2922 m; Mount Ragang 2815 m; Mount Halcon 2586 m; Mayon Volcano 2463 m
According to Geonames: Mount Apo 2954 m; Mount Katanglad 2938 m; Mount Pulag 2934 m; Mount Ragang 2815 m; Mount Piapayungan 2815 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands
Natural Hazardsastride typhoon belt, usually affected by 15 and struck by five to six cyclonic storms each year; landslides; active volcanoes; destructive earthquakes; tsunamis volcanism: significant volcanic activity; Taal (elev. 311 m), which has shown recent unrest and may erupt in the near future, has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Mayon (elev. 2,462 m), the country's most active volcano, erupted in 2009 forcing over 33,000 to be evacuated; other historically active volcanoes include Biliran, Babuyan Claro, Bulusan, Camiguin, Camiguin de Babuyanes, Didicas, Iraya, Jolo, Kanlaon, Makaturing, Musuan, Parker, Pinatubo and Ragang
Natural Resourcetimber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Land Usearable land: 18%
permanent crops: 17.33%
other: 64.67% (2011)
Climatetropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October)
Irrigated Land18,790 sq km (2006)
Renewable Water Resources479 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesuncontrolled deforestation especially in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in major urban centers; coral reef degradation; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps that are important fish breeding grounds
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Manila; Cebu City; Davao; Dasmariñas; Cagayan de Oro
According to Geonames: Manila; Quezon City; Budta; Davao; Malingao

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notethe Philippine archipelago is made up of 7,107 islands; favorably located in relation to many of Southeast Asia's main water bodies: the South China Sea, Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, and Luzon Strait
Important Lakes