unbekannter Gast

Russia: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (30)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
NameCategoryYearMotivation
Alexei A. AbrikosovPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Martti AhtisaariPeace2008"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"
Zhores I. AlferovPhysics2000"for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics"
Nicolay Gennadiyevich BasovPhysics1964"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Joseph BrodskyLiterature1987"for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity"
Ivan Alekseyevich BuninLiterature1933"for the strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing"
Pavel Alekseyevich CherenkovPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Il´ja Mikhailovich FrankPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Andre GeimPhysics2010"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"
Vitaly L. GinzburgPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
Mikhail Sergeyevich GorbachevPeace1990"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"
Leonid HurwiczEconomics2007"for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
Leonid Vitaliyevich KantorovichEconomics1975"for their contributions to the theory of optimum allocation of resources"
Pyotr Leonidovich KapitsaPhysics1978"for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics"
Paul KarrerChemistry1937"for his investigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2"
Lev Davidovich LandauPhysics1962"for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium"
Wassily LeontiefEconomics1973"for the development of the input-output method and for its application to important economic problems"
Fritz Albert LipmannMedicine1953"for his discovery of co-enzyme A and its importance for intermediary metabolism"
Konstantin NovoselovPhysics2010"for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene"
Boris Leonidovich PasternakLiterature1958"for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition"
Ivan Petrovich PavlovMedicine1904"in recognition of his work on the physiology of digestion, through which knowledge on vital aspects of the subject has been transformed and enlarged"
Ilya PrigogineChemistry1977"for his contributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theory of dissipative structures"
Aleksandr Mikhailovich ProkhorovPhysics1964"for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"
Andrei Dmitrievich SakharovPeace1975
Nikolay Nikolaevich SemenovChemistry1956"for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions"
Mikhail Aleksandrovich SholokhovLiterature1965"for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people"
Aleksandr Isayevich SolzhenitsynLiterature1970"for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature"
Igor Yevgenyevich TammPhysics1958"for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect"
Otto WallachChemistry1910"in recognition of his services to organic chemistry and the chemical industry by his pioneer work in the field of alicyclic compounds"
Wilhelm WienPhysics1911"for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat"

Partial List of Famous People#

Field Medal Winners#

NameYearAffiliation
Maxim Kontsevich1998Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques  
Andrei Okounkov2006Princeton University
Grigori Perelman2006
Stanislav K. Smirnov2010University of Geneva
Vladimir Voevodsky2002Institute for Advanced Study
Efim I. Zelmanov1994University of Wisconsin (now at the University of Chicago)

Wolf Prize Winner#

NameCategoryYearMotivation
Vitaly L. GinzburgPhysics1995THE 1994/5 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE AT PHYSICS for his contribution to elementary particle theory, including recognition of the role played by spontaneous symmetry-breaking in analogy with uperconductivity theory, and the discovery of the color symmetry of the strong interactions.
Izrail M. GelfandMathematics1978THE 1978 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee in Mathematics has carefully considered all candidates and has reached a unanimous conclusion that the Wolf Prize in Mathematics this year should be awarded for his work on functional analysis, group representation, and for his seminal contributions to many areas of mathematics and its applications,
Andrei N. KolmogorovMathematics1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee unanimously decided to select as co-recipients of the Wolf Prize for mathematics for 1980 for deep and original discoveries in Fourier analysis, probability theory, ergodic theory and dynamical systems.
Mark G. KreinMathematics1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously chosen the following Wolf Prize winner to equally share the 1982 award for his fundamental contributions to functional analysis and its applications.
Mikhael GromovMathematics1993THE 1993 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Prize Committee has unanimously selected the following scientist to equally share the Wolf Prize for 1993: for his revolutionary contributions to global Riemannian and symplectic geometry, algebraic topology, geometric group theory and the theory of partial differential equations.
Yakov G. SinaiMathematics1996THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1996/7 be awarded for his fundamental contributions to mathematically rigorous methods in statistical mechanics and the ergodic theory of dynamical systems and their applications in physics.
Vladimir I. ArnoldMathematics2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2001 Prize be awarded for his deep and influential work in a multitude of areas of mathematics, including dynamical systems, differential equations, and singularity theory.
Sergei P. NovikovMathematics2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2005 Wolf Prize will be awarded for his fundamental and pioneering contributions to algebraic and differential topology, and to mathematical physics, notably the introduction of algebraic-geometric methods
Gregory A. MargulisMathematics2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the 2005 Wolf Prize will be awarded for his monumental contributions to algebra, in particular to the theory of lattices in semi-simple Lie groups, and striking applications of this to ergodic theory, representation theory, number theory, combinatorics, and measure theory, and
Alexander VarshavskyMedicine2001THE 2001 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Prize for 2001 be awarded for the discovery of the ubiquitin system of intracellular protein degradation and the crucial functions of this system in cellular regulation.
Vladimir HorowitzMusic1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (MUSIC) for his outstanding contribution to the art of musical interpretation, and especially his musicalization of pianism.
Mstislav RostropovichMusic2004Wolf Prize in the Arts (Music) for a cellist, conductor, pianist and exceptional human being, who has created a career of monumental proportions