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Sri Lanka: Geography#

LocationSouthern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India
Geographic Coordinates7 00 N, 81 00 E 7.0,81.0
Area total: 65,610 sq km
land: 64,630 sq km
water: 980 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,340 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524 m
Highest MountainsAccording to Wolfram: Piduruthalagala 2524 m; Adam's Peak 2243 m
According to Geonames:Pidurutalagala 2524 m; Adam’s Peak 2243 m; Kikilimana 2240 m; Mahakudagala 2100 m; Water Fall P. T. New 2076 m
List verified partially
Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Natural Hazardsoccasional cyclones and tornadoes
Natural Resourcelimestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 18.29%
permanent crops: 14.94%
other: 66.77% (2011)
Climatetropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
Irrigated Land5,700 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources52.8 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by poaching and urbanization; coastal degradation from mining activities and increased pollution; freshwater resources being polluted by industrial wastes and sewage runoff; waste disposal; air pollution in Colombo
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Large CitiesColombo; Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia; Moratuwa; Jaffna; Negombo
Colombo; Galkissa; Moratuwa; Jaffna; Negombo
[List Verified]
Explanation: Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia and Galkissa are same
Important Cities
Geography-notestrategic location near major Indian Ocean sea lanes