unbekannter Gast

Sri Lanka: People & Society#

Population21,866,445 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.86% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.7% (male 2,758,360/female 2,648,073)
15-24 years: 14.9% (male 1,651,901/female 1,606,465)
25-54 years: 42.1% (male 4,504,395/female 4,708,288)
55-64 years: 8.7% (male 966,295/female 1,117,310)
65 years and over: 8.4% (male 812,669/female 1,092,689) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.24 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.06 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsSinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.02 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.35 years
male: 72.85 years
female: 79.99 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.2%
male: 92.6%
female: 90% (2010 census)
Nationalitynoun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan
Net migration rate-1.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Total fertility rate2.13 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,000 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths200 (2012)
Median agetotal: 31.8 years
male: 30.6 years
female: 32.9 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2012)
Education expenditures1.7% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 15.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 91.5% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 8.5% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 82.7% of population
rural: 92.6% of population
total: 91.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 17.36% of population
rural: 7.4% of population
total: 8.9% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCOLOMBO (capital) 681,000 (2009)
Maternal mortality rate35 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight21.6% (2009)
Health expenditures3.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.49 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density3.1 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 17.3%
male: 14%
female: 23.5% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2000 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68% (2006/07)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 37.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 12.8 %
potential support ratio: 7.8 (2013)