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Tajikistan: Geography#

LocationCentral Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Geographic Coordinates39 00 N, 71 00 E 39.0,71.0
Area total: 143,100 sq km
land: 141,510 sq km
water: 2,590 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 3,651 km
border countries: Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Pik Imeni Ismail Samani 7495 m; Pik Lenin 7134 m; Peak Korzhenevskaya 7106 m; Pik Revolution 6940 m; Pik Marshal Zhukov 6842 m
According to Geonames: Concord Peak 5469 m; Kuhi Palsaldi 5274 m; Kuhi Glan 5237 m; Kuhi Kutoztushagon 5056 m; Kuhi Bozaygir 4870 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
TerrainPamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Natural Hazardsearthquakes; floods
Natural Resourcehydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Land Usearable land: 5.96%
permanent crops: 0.91%
other: 93.13% (2011)
Climatemidlatitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
Irrigated Land7,421 sq km (2009)
Renewable Water Resources21.91 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesinadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDushanbe; Khujand; Kulob; Qurgonteppa; Uroteppa
Dushanbe; Khujand; Kulob; Qurghonteppa; Istaravshan
[List Verified]
Explanation: The city ranked 5th (Istaravshan) is called (Uroteppa) in Tajik
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR