unbekannter Gast

Thailand: People & Society#

Population67,741,401 (July 2014 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population growth rate0.35% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.6% (male 6,117,993/female 5,827,981)
15-24 years: 15% (male 5,194,332/female 4,999,669)
25-54 years: 46.9% (male 15,685,882/female 16,097,245)
55-64 years: 9.5% (male 3,468,620/female 3,893,925)
65 years and over: 9.8% (male 2,830,418/female 3,625,336) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate11.26 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.72 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsThai 95.9%, Burmese 2%, other 1.3% (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.86 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.82 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.85 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesThai (official) 90.7%, Burmese 1.3%, other 8%
note: English is a secondary language of the elite (2010 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.18 years
male: 71 years
female: 77.54 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 95.6%
female: 91.5% (2005 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 93.6%, Muslim 4.9%, Christian 1.2%, other 0.2%, none 0.1% (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate1.5 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS443,100 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deaths20,800 (2012)
Median agetotal: 36.2 years
male: 35.3 years
female: 37.2 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2009)
Education expenditures5.8% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.7% of population
rural: 95.3% of population
total: 95.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.3% of population
rural: 4.7% of population
total: 4.2% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 88.7% of population
rural: 95.9% of population
total: 93.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 11.3% of population
rural: 4.1% of population
total: 6.6% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationBANGKOK (capital) 6.902 million (2009)
Maternal mortality rate48 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight7% (2006)
Health expenditures4.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.3 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.8% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 2.8%
male: 2.5%
female: 3.1% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 818,399
percentage: 8 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (1987 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.6% (2009)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 38.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 25.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 13.5 %
potential support ratio: 7.4 (2013)