unbekannter Gast

Timor-Leste: People & Society#

Population1,201,542
note: other estimates range as low as 800,000 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.44% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 42.4% (male 261,794/female 247,486)
15-24 years: 19.8% (male 120,256/female 117,268)
25-54 years: 29.3% (male 170,179/female 182,278)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 29,867/female 28,156)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 21,214/female 23,044) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate34.48 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.18 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.79 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 41.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 35.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesTetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, English
note: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak are spoken by a significant portion of the population
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 67.39 years
male: 65.87 years
female: 69.01 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 58.3%
male: 63.6%
female: 53% (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Timorese
adjective: Timorese
Net migration rate-3.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 96.9%, Protestant / Evangelical 2.2%, Muslim 0.3%, other 0.6% (2005)
Total fertility rate5.11 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 18.5 years
male: 17.9 years
female: 19.1 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2010)
Education expenditures9.4% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 28.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.25% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 95.2% of population
rural: 60.5% of population
total: 70.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.8% of population
rural: 39.5% of population
total: 29.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 69% of population
rural: 26.8% of population
total: 38.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 31% of population
rural: 73.2% of population
total: 61.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationDILI (capital) 180,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight45.3% (2010)
Health expenditures5.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.1 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate2.7% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 14.8%
male: 10.4%
female: 22.7% (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 10,510
percentage: 4 % (2002 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009-10 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate22.3% (2009/10)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 94.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 87.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.5 %
potential support ratio: 15.4 (2014 est.)