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Turkmenistan: Geography#

LocationCentral Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan
Geographic Coordinates40 00 N, 60 00 E 40.0,60.0
Area total: 488,100 sq km
land: 469,930 sq km
water: 18,170 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 488100
DBpedia: 488099
Geoname: 488100
Infoplease: 488100
Britannica: 491210
Wolfram: 488100

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 3,736 km
border countries: Afghanistan 744 km, Iran 992 km, Kazakhstan 379 km, Uzbekistan 1,621 km
Coastline0 km; note - Turkmenistan borders the Caspian Sea (1,768 km)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Vpadina Akchanaya -81 m
note: Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya (the lake has dropped as low as -110 m)
highest point: Gora Ayribaba 3,139 m
Highest MountainsAs there is no entry in Wolfram we are listing mountain list of Geonames only:
According to Geonames: Gora Ziyerati Chnagurak 1059 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainflat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt
Land Usearable land: 3.89%
permanent crops: 0.12%
other: 95.98% (2011)
Climatesubtropical desert
Irrigated Land19,910 sq km (2006)
Renewable Water Resources24.77 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuescontamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods; Caspian Sea pollution; diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesAshgabat; Turkmenabat; Dasoguz; Mari; Balkanabat
[Verified]
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; the western and central low-lying desolate portions of the country make up the great Garagum (Kara-Kum) desert, which occupies over 80% of the country; eastern part is plateau